Displaying EIL Family from Maize


Mutations in the Arabidopsis ETHYLENE-INSENSITIVE3 (EIN3) gene severely limit a plant's response to the gaseous hormone ethylene. ein3 mutants show a loss of ethylene-mediated effects including gene expression, the triple response, cell growth inhibition, and accelerated senescence. EIN3 acts downstream of the histidine kinase ethylene receptor, ETR1, and the Raf-like kinase, CTR1. The EIN3 gene encodes a novel nuclear-localized protein that shares sequence similarity, structural features, and genetic function with three EIN3-LIKE (EIL) proteins. In addition to EIN3, EIL1 orEIL2 were able to complement ein3, suggesting their participation in the ethylene signaling pathway. Overexpression of EIN3 or EIL1 in wild-type or ethylene-insensitive2 plants conferred constitutive ethylene phenotypes, indicating their sufficiency for activation of the pathway in the absence of ethylene.

Protein Name
accepted / suggested
Gene Locus Synonym/
Gene Name
Clone in TFome Genome Browser
ZmEIL1 GRMZM2G033570 EIL3 View in Browser
ZmEIL2 GRMZM2G003558 EIL2 pUT5307 View in Browser
ZmEIL3 AC234203.1_FG011 EIL13 View in Browser
ZmEIL4 GRMZM2G006752 EIL4 pUT1802 View in Browser
ZmEIL5 AC210616.4_FG005 EIL5 pUT3668 View in Browser
ZmEIL6 GRMZM2G151811 EIL6 pUT6150 View in Browser
ZmEIL7 GRMZM2G044322 EIL7 pUT3232 View in Browser
ZmEIL8 GRMZM2G040481 EIL8 View in Browser
ZmEIL9 GRMZM2G317584 EIL1 View in Browser