Displaying MADS Family from Maize


INFORMATION ABOUT MADS FAMILY

MADS-box genes are a family of transcription factors found in plants, animals and fungi and are characterized by a conserved MADS domain. MADS-box genes have been found in all major plant lineages studied to date including green algae, mosses, ferns, gymnosperms and angiosperms. In Arabidopsis, MADS-box genes can be divided into three groups: Type I and Type II MADS box genes and MADS-like genes. Type II MADS box genes in plants can be further subdivided into the MIKCC and MIKC* types (reviewed in (Becker and Theissen, 2003)). Type I MADS-box genes contain a conserved MADS-box gene, but lack the relatively conserved I and K and highly divergent C domains found in the Type II MIKC type MADS-box genes.
Function has been characterized for less than one fifth of the members of the MADS-box gene family. However, in recent years several thorough expression and evolutionary studies have been published investigating the underlying similarities and differences among these genes, especially the TYPE II MIKCC genes.
Among the TYPE II MIKC genes there have been approximately 19 genes that have been functionally characterized. These genes include many of the so called floral MADS-box genes (Theissen et al., 2000). These genes, along with other genes that have been less well characterized but are hypothesized to preferentially affect floral organ development, includes AGAMOUS (AG), AGL6, AGL13, APETALA1 (AP1), APETALA3 (AP3), CAULIFLOWER (CAL), PISTILLATA (PI), SEEDSTICK (STK), SEPALLATA1,2,3,4 (SEP1,2,3,4), SHATTERPROOF1 and 2 (SHP1, 2) and TRANSPARENT TESTA16 (TT16). Additionally, several genes with either identified or hypothesized function regulating floral timing and inflorescence development have been identified including AGL24, AGL27, FLOWERING LOCUS C (FLC) (also known as FLOWERING LOCUS F (FLF)), FLC1, FLC2, FLOWERING LOCUS M (FLM) (also known as MADS AFFECTING FLOWERING1 (MAF1), FRUITFUL (FUL), SHORT VEGETATIVE PHASE (SVP) and SUPRESSOR OF CONSTANS (SOC1). Lastly, there are the non-floral genes, a group that mostly have currently unknown function. These genes have diverse expression that most likely reflects a multitude of function including floral development as well as root, seed, seedling, stem and leaf development. These genes include AGL12, AGL14, AGL15, AGL16, AGL17, AGL18, AGL19, AGL21 and ANR1.
In contrast to the many studies of TYPE II MIKC MADS box genes, only one Type I MADS-box gene, PHERES1 (formerly AGL37), has been investigated to date. The function of PHERES1 has not yet been described, but based on expression studies it is maternally regulated by MEDEA and appears to be involved in proper seed and embryo development (Kohler et al., 2003; Kohler et al., 2005). With the multitude of recent advances in analyses of gene expression and genomics we can expect many more studies of the pathways involving previously unidentified MADS-box genes along with functional characterization of these genes.


Protein Name
accepted / suggested
Gene Locus Synonym/
Gene Name
Clone in TFome Genome Browser
ZmMADS1 GRMZM2G171365 MADS1 pUT1761 View in Browser
ZmMADS2 GRMZM2G160687 ZAG2 pUT5424 View in Browser
ZmMADS3 GRMZM2G072582 MADS3 pUT6775 View in Browser
ZmMADS4 GRMZM2G032339 MADS4 pUT5368 View in Browser
ZmMADS5 GRMZM2G003514 ZAG5 pUT3474 View in Browser
ZmMADS6 GRMZM2G159397 ZMM6 pUT3470 View in Browser
ZmMADS7 GRMZM2G097059 ZMM7 pUT3479 View in Browser
ZmMADS8 GRMZM2G102161 ZMM8 pUT6461 View in Browser
ZmMADS9 GRMZM2G005155 MADS9 pUT1435 View in Browser
ZmMADS10 GRMZM2G148693 ZAP1 pUT3026 View in Browser
ZmMADS11 GRMZM2G139073 SI1 pUT3494 View in Browser
ZmMADS12 GRMZM2G160565 BDE1 pUT5423 View in Browser
ZmMADS13 GRMZM2G472100 MADS13 pUT5654 View in Browser
ZmMADS14 GRMZM2G099522 ZMM14 pUT6524 View in Browser
ZmMADS15 GRMZM2G553379 ZMM15 pUT3472 View in Browser
ZmMADS16 GRMZM2G110153 ZMM16 pUT4017 View in Browser
ZmMADS17 GRMZM2G337892 MADS17 pUT5605 View in Browser
ZmMADS18 GRMZM5G805387 ZMM18 pUT6760 View in Browser
ZmMADS19 GRMZM2G316366 MADS19 View in Browser
ZmMADS20 GRMZM2G137387 MADS20 View in Browser
ZmMADS21 AC233912.1_FG001 MADS21 pUT4747 View in Browser
ZmMADS22 GRMZM2G052045 MADS22 pUT4735 View in Browser
ZmMADS23 GRMZM2G010669 ZMM1 View in Browser
ZmMADS24 GRMZM2G087095 pUT3478 View in Browser
ZmMADS25 GRMZM2G099408 MADS25 pUT5380 View in Browser
ZmMADS26 GRMZM2G044408 MADS26 pUT5376 View in Browser
ZmMADS27 GRMZM2G135018 MADS27 pUT4749 View in Browser
ZmMADS28 GRMZM2G128953 MADS28 pUT4748 View in Browser
ZmMADS29 GRMZM2G152862 ZMM29 pUT3475 View in Browser
ZmMADS30 GRMZM2G069370 MADS30 pUT4421 View in Browser
ZmMADS31 GRMZM2G071620 ZMM31 pUT3467 View in Browser
ZmMADS32 GRMZM2G105387 MADS32 pUT6462 View in Browser
ZmMADS33 GRMZM2G459864 MADS33 pUT5651 View in Browser
ZmMADS34 GRMZM2G137510 MADS34 pUT5364 View in Browser
ZmMADS35 GRMZM2G359952 ZMM2 pUT6593 View in Browser
ZmMADS36 GRMZM2G079727 MADS36 pUT5750 View in Browser
ZmMADS37 GRMZM2G052890 ZAG1 pUT6776 View in Browser
ZmMADS38 GRMZM2G334225 MADS38 pUT6016 View in Browser
ZmMADS39 GRMZM2G055782 MADS39 pUT6437 View in Browser
ZmMADS40 GRMZM2G441115 MADS40 pUT4239 View in Browser
ZmMADS41 GRMZM2G018589 MADS41 pUT3477 View in Browser
ZmMADS42 GRMZM2G375707 MADS42 pUT5787 View in Browser
ZmMADS43 GRMZM2G001139 MADS43 pUT3464 View in Browser
ZmMADS44 GRMZM2G130382 ZMM17 View in Browser
ZmMADS45 GRMZM2G117961 MADS45 pUT5990 View in Browser
ZmMADS46 GRMZM2G306610 MADS46 pUT5382 View in Browser
ZmMADS47 GRMZM2G099577 MADS47 pUT5599 View in Browser
ZmMADS48 GRMZM2G148220 MADS48 View in Browser
ZmMADS49 GRMZM2G129034 ZMM27 pUT6618 View in Browser
ZmMADS50 GRMZM2G038878 MADS50 pUT4293 View in Browser
ZmMADS51 GRMZM2G161666 MADS51 pUT4128 , pUT4746 View in Browser
ZmMADS52 GRMZM2G446426 MADS52 View in Browser
ZmMADS53 GRMZM2G035092 MADS53 pUT6736 View in Browser
ZmMADS54 GRMZM2G320549 MADS54 View in Browser
ZmMADS55 GRMZM2G137289 MADS55 View in Browser
ZmMADS56 GRMZM2G026223 ZAG6 pUT5425 View in Browser
ZmMADS57 GRMZM2G470857 MADS57 pUT5608 View in Browser
ZmMADS58 GRMZM2G073357 MADS58 View in Browser
ZmMADS59 AC234185.1_FG006 MADS59 pUT6232 View in Browser
ZmMADS60 GRMZM2G152415 MADS60 View in Browser
ZmMADS61 GRMZM2G531231 View in Browser
ZmMADS62 GRMZM5G878490 MADS62 pUT6708 View in Browser
ZmMADS63 GRMZM2G032905 MADS63 pUT6619 View in Browser
ZmMADS64 GRMZM5G853066 MADS64 pUT5655 View in Browser
ZmMADS65 AC212823.4_FG003 MADS65 pUT4079 View in Browser
ZmMADS66 GRMZM5G839969 MADS66 pUT5386 View in Browser
ZmMADS67 GRMZM2G147716 MADS67 pUT5432 View in Browser
ZmMADS68 GRMZM2G059102 MADS68 pUT3471 View in Browser
ZmMADS69 GRMZM2G171650 MADS69 pUT3480 View in Browser
ZmMADS70 GRMZM5G891280 MADS70 pUT6416 View in Browser
ZmMADS71 GRMZM2G110582 MADS71 pUT3465 View in Browser
ZmMADS72 GRMZM2G370777 TU1 View in Browser
ZmMADS73 GRMZM2G046885 MADS73 pUT3468 View in Browser
ZmMADS74 GRMZM5G814279 MADS74 pUT3463 View in Browser
ZmMADS75 GRMZM2G472096 MADS75 View in Browser
ZmMADS76 GRMZM2G070034 MADS76 pUT3473 View in Browser
ZmMADS77 GRMZM2G098986 MADS77 View in Browser