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Displaying MADS Family from Rice


INFORMATION ABOUT MADS FAMILY

MADS-box genes are a family of transcription factors found in plants, animals and fungi and are characterized by a conserved MADS domain. MADS-box genes have been found in all major plant lineages studied to date including green algae, mosses, ferns, gymnosperms and angiosperms. In Arabidopsis, MADS-box genes can be divided into three groups: Type I and Type II MADS box genes and MADS-like genes. Type II MADS box genes in plants can be further subdivided into the MIKCC and MIKC* types (reviewed in (Becker and Theissen, 2003)). Type I MADS-box genes contain a conserved MADS-box gene, but lack the relatively conserved I and K and highly divergent C domains found in the Type II MIKC type MADS-box genes.
Function has been characterized for less than one fifth of the members of the MADS-box gene family. However, in recent years several thorough expression and evolutionary studies have been published investigating the underlying similarities and differences among these genes, especially the TYPE II MIKCC genes.
Among the TYPE II MIKC genes there have been approximately 19 genes that have been functionally characterized. These genes include many of the so called floral MADS-box genes (Theissen et al., 2000). These genes, along with other genes that have been less well characterized but are hypothesized to preferentially affect floral organ development, includes AGAMOUS (AG), AGL6, AGL13, APETALA1 (AP1), APETALA3 (AP3), CAULIFLOWER (CAL), PISTILLATA (PI), SEEDSTICK (STK), SEPALLATA1,2,3,4 (SEP1,2,3,4), SHATTERPROOF1 and 2 (SHP1, 2) and TRANSPARENT TESTA16 (TT16). Additionally, several genes with either identified or hypothesized function regulating floral timing and inflorescence development have been identified including AGL24, AGL27, FLOWERING LOCUS C (FLC) (also known as FLOWERING LOCUS F (FLF)), FLC1, FLC2, FLOWERING LOCUS M (FLM) (also known as MADS AFFECTING FLOWERING1 (MAF1), FRUITFUL (FUL), SHORT VEGETATIVE PHASE (SVP) and SUPRESSOR OF CONSTANS (SOC1). Lastly, there are the non-floral genes, a group that mostly have currently unknown function. These genes have diverse expression that most likely reflects a multitude of function including floral development as well as root, seed, seedling, stem and leaf development. These genes include AGL12, AGL14, AGL15, AGL16, AGL17, AGL18, AGL19, AGL21 and ANR1.
In contrast to the many studies of TYPE II MIKC MADS box genes, only one Type I MADS-box gene, PHERES1 (formerly AGL37), has been investigated to date. The function of PHERES1 has not yet been described, but based on expression studies it is maternally regulated by MEDEA and appears to be involved in proper seed and embryo development (Kohler et al., 2003; Kohler et al., 2005). With the multitude of recent advances in analyses of gene expression and genomics we can expect many more studies of the pathways involving previously unidentified MADS-box genes along with functional characterization of these genes.


Protein Name
accepted / suggested
Gene Locus Synonym/
Gene Name
Clone in TFome Genome Browser
LOC_Os12g31748 View in Browser
LOC_Os02g01355 View in Browser
LOC_Os02g01365 View in Browser
OsMADS1 LOC_Os01g10504 View in Browser
OsMADS2 LOC_Os01g11510 View in Browser
OsMADS3 LOC_Os01g18420 View in Browser
OsMADS4 LOC_Os01g18440 View in Browser
OsMADS5 LOC_Os01g23750 View in Browser
OsMADS6 LOC_Os01g23760 View in Browser
OsMADS7 LOC_Os01g23770 View in Browser
OsMADS8 LOC_Os01g23780 View in Browser
OsMADS9 LOC_Os01g52680 View in Browser
OsMADS10 LOC_Os01g66030 View in Browser
OsMADS11 LOC_Os01g66290 View in Browser
OsMADS12 LOC_Os01g67890 View in Browser
OsMADS13 LOC_Os01g68560 View in Browser
OsMADS14 LOC_Os03g54160 View in Browser
OsMADS15 LOC_Os01g74440 View in Browser
OsMADS16 LOC_Os02g06860 View in Browser
OsMADS17 LOC_Os02g07430 View in Browser
OsMADS18 LOC_Os02g36924 View in Browser
OsMADS19 LOC_Os02g45770 View in Browser
OsMADS20 LOC_Os02g49840 View in Browser
OsMADS21 LOC_Os02g52340 View in Browser
OsMADS22 LOC_Os03g03100 View in Browser
OsMADS23 LOC_Os03g08754 View in Browser
OsMADS24 LOC_Os03g11614 View in Browser
OsMADS25 LOC_Os03g14850 View in Browser
OsMADS26 LOC_Os03g37670 View in Browser
OsMADS27 LOC_Os03g38610 View in Browser
OsMADS28 LOC_Os01g69850 View in Browser
OsMADS29 LOC_Os03g54170 View in Browser
OsMADS30 LOC_Os04g23910 View in Browser
OsMADS31 LOC_Os04g25870 View in Browser
OsMADS32 LOC_Os04g31804 View in Browser
OsMADS33 LOC_Os04g38770 View in Browser
OsMADS34 LOC_Os04g49150 View in Browser
OsMADS35 LOC_Os04g52410 View in Browser
OsMADS36 LOC_Os05g11380 View in Browser
OsMADS37 LOC_Os05g11414 View in Browser
OsMADS38 LOC_Os05g23780 View in Browser
OsMADS39 LOC_Os05g34940 View in Browser
OsMADS40 LOC_Os06g01890 View in Browser
OsMADS41 LOC_Os06g06750 View in Browser
OsMADS42 LOC_Os06g11330 View in Browser
OsMADS43 LOC_Os06g11970 View in Browser
OsMADS44 LOC_Os06g22760 View in Browser
OsMADS45 LOC_Os06g23950 View in Browser
OsMADS46 LOC_Os06g30810 View in Browser
OsMADS47 LOC_Os06g30830 View in Browser
OsMADS48 LOC_Os06g45650 View in Browser
OsMADS49 LOC_Os06g49840 View in Browser
OsMADS50 LOC_Os07g01820 View in Browser
OsMADS51 LOC_Os07g04170 View in Browser
OsMADS52 LOC_Os07g41370 View in Browser
OsMADS53 LOC_Os08g02070 View in Browser
OsMADS55 LOC_Os08g33488 View in Browser
OsMADS56 LOC_Os08g38590 View in Browser
OsMADS57 LOC_Os08g41950 View in Browser
OsMADS58 LOC_Os08g41960 View in Browser
OsMADS59 LOC_Os09g02780 View in Browser
OsMADS60 LOC_Os09g02830 View in Browser
OsMADS61 LOC_Os09g32948 View in Browser
OsMADS62 LOC_Os10g39130 View in Browser
OsMADS63 LOC_Os11g12360 View in Browser
OsMADS64 LOC_Os11g43740 View in Browser
OsMADS65 LOC_Os12g10520 View in Browser
OsMADS66 LOC_Os12g10540 View in Browser
OsMADS67 LOC_Os12g21850 View in Browser
OsMADS68 LOC_Os12g21880 View in Browser